2015年9月， 为了提高英国油气行业的效率和竞争力，英国石油天然气协会宣布组建一个新的北海任务组。根据英国石油天然气协会透露，该任务组的任务是 “促进英国大陆架油气开发的经济效益最大化并使油气板块更具竞争力”。为了实现上述目标，任务组将努力转变运营模式，倡导公司之间的合作和标准化。
总部位于爱尔兰的石油天然气勘探公司Providence Resources也与斯伦贝谢签订了在爱尔兰近海的southern Porcupine和Goban Spur盆地进行油气勘探的合作协议。作为该协议的一部分，两家公司联合研究如何消除Dunquin South、Drombeg、Druid和 Newgrange勘探区的勘探风险。斯伦贝谢公司还在促进Drombeg、Druid和Newgrange资产的开发与数据采集和存储上为Providence Resources提供支持，该项目预计在2016年第一季度上马。
2015年5月，法国能源巨头道达尔与FMC技术公司签署了研发海底技术的合作协议。同年9月，总部位于英国的全球岩浆有限公司与BP公司以及欧洲工程公司Subsea 7签署了全球岩浆有限公司的深水环境中的碳纤维和聚合物隔水管和jumper系统主管道的联合研发协议。此外，去年12月，欧洲石油天然气服务公司Aker Solutions和意大利Saipem公司也对全球海底油气的针对性开发目标达成了合作协议。
In the face of the current low oil price environment, which has seen the price of Brent slip from over $100 per barrel in 2014 to under $40 per barrel at the end of 2015, several companies in the oil and gas industry have banded together in an effort to combine resources, reduce costs and promote innovation.
E&P, Energy Security & Logistics
Russia’s Gazprom Neft was involved in one of the year’s most significant collaborative arrangements related to oil and gas exploration and production in April, when it signed several agreements with Vietnam Oil and Gas Group (PetroVietnam) – including a memorandum on joint oil and gas exploration, production and development projects on the Pechora Sea shelf in Russia. The upstream agreement, which focuses on the Dolginskoye field and the Severo-Zapadnyi (North West) licensed block, involved the proposed creation of a working group of experts from both companies who would form a list of priority oil and gas fields and agree to the basic terms of the partnership before further agreements are signed.
Later in the same month, a handful of European energy players – including Statoil ASA, Eni Norge AS, Lundin Norway AS, OMV Group and GDF Suez – joined forces for the BaSEC (Barents Sea Exploration Collaboration) project to solve operational issues connected to the exploration of the Barents Sea in Norway’s Arctic region. The project is scheduled to last for three years and has a particular focus on the 54 blocks/parts of blocks in the Barents Sea which form part of Norway’s 23rd licensing round. Initiated by Statoil and Eni Norge, the BaSEC project will see member companies share data, apply cost-effective solutions and increase collaboration and coordination during the next few years. Statoil has also claimed that more participants will join the project after Norway’s latest licensing round, which will see the Ministry of Petroleum and Energy award new licenses before the summer of 2016.
In an effort to cut costs and drive efficiencies across their UK operations in the Southern North Sea, UK-headquartered oilfield services company Petrofac and European energy firms Faroe Petroleum plc and Eni Hewett Ltd. established a partnership in November. The agreement will see collaboration between Petrofac and the respective equity owners and operators of the Hewett, Schooner and Ketch gas fields, with logistics and accommodation services across the facilities being shared. Faroe Petroleum will share the usage of its Augusta Westland 139 helicopter with Eni Hewett and, in exchange, offshore personnel contracted to the normally unmanned Schooner and Ketch assets will stay nearby on the Eni Hewett complex rather than returning to shore each day, cutting down travel time and ensuring cost-efficient mobilization of personnel. Petrofac will also be able to mobilize its workforce, as required, across both operations.
In September, Oil & Gas UK announced the launch of a new North Sea task force, which aims to improve the efficiency and competitiveness of the UK’s oil and gas industry. The Efficiency Task Force (ETF) will be responsible for “driving improvement, making the sector more competitive and supporting the drive to maximize economic recovery from the UK continental shelf”, according to Oil & Gas UK. In order to try and achieve its goals, the ETF will aim to deliver behavioral change, standardization initiatives and company collaboration. Led by John Pearson, who is the group president Northern Europe and CIS for AMEC Foster Wheeler and the Oil & Gas UK co-chairman, the ETF will be supported by a dedicated resource from Oil & Gas UK and its industry members.
Another key collaboration agreement was announced by the European Commission last summer, which involved 15 European Union and Energy Community countries, in the Central Eastern Europe and South East European region, signing a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to work together to accelerate the building of missing gas infrastructure links. The MoU will “boost security of energy supply and lead to the creation of a connected and competitive energy market in the region”, according to an EC statement, and ultimately aims for each country in the area to have at least three different sources of gas.
Other notable MoUs signed throughout 2015 include an agreement between Ukraine’s national energy company National Joint Stock Company Naftogaz of Ukraine and international energy firm Frontera Resources, for upstream and LNG cooperation in the eastern European country, and Mediterranean oil and gas company Sound Energy plc’s arrangement with Schlumberger Oilfield Holdings Limited to work together across Europe and Africa.
Irish based oil and gas exploration company Providence Resources plc also signed a collaboration agreement with Schlumberger for the exploration of the southern Porcupine and Goban Spur basins, located offshore Ireland. As part of the agreement, the two companies are conducting a joint study that is designed to de-risk the Dunquin South, Drombeg, Druid and Newgrange exploration prospects. Schlumberger will also support Providence in facilitating farm-out data-room processes for the Drombeg, Druid and Newgrange assets, which are expected to commence during the first quarter of 2016.
Oil, Gas Technology Collaboration
In May 2015, French energy major Total S.A. signed a partnership agreement with FMC Technologies for the development of subsea technology. Later in September, UK-based Magma Global Ltd. signed a joint development agreement with BP plc and European engineering company Subsea 7 S.A. for Magma’s deepwater environment riser and jumper system m-pipes, which are made using a carbon fiber and polymer composite. In addition, in December of last year, European oil and gas services companies Aker Solutions ASA and Saipem S.p.A. also agreed to cooperate on targeted subsea oil and gas development projects worldwide.
Norway’s Statoil and GE also teamed up at the beginning of the year to establish a joint technology-focused program to speed up the development of environmentally and economically sustainable energy solutions to address the biggest challenges facing global oil and gas development. Through this collaboration, the companies are focusing on solutions to address issues such as natural gas flaring, carbon dioxide and methane emissions and water usage.
The two companies launched the first Open Innovation Challenge in late January, which strived to find solutions for reducing the environmental impact of unconventional exploration and production. The goal of the event was to crowdsource ways of reducing the amount of water and proppant being trucked to shale exploration and production areas by seeking new uses and compositions of proppants. GE and Statoil’s second Open Innovation Challenge, which stopped accepting submissions in September, focuses on finding innovative ways to reduce water usage in unconventional oil and gas development and reusing water from development while maintaining or boosting productivity.
The numerous collaboration agreements signed by European oil and gas firms in 2015 have undoubtedly helped an energy industry which is currently struggling with a lower commodity price. With many experts predicting a similar oil price environment in 2016, it will be important for companies in the oil and gas sector to continue to work together in order to overcome the many challenges posed by such a harsh industry climate.