2013年挪威船级社（DNV GL）首次提出了“WIN WIN”（风力注水），目前正准备进行原型开发，此前的两个工业联合项目已经验证了该概念的成本效益与技术可行性。
自2015年以来，DNV GL与油气公司进行了广泛的合作，将“WIN WIN”构想推进至原型筹备阶段。第一阶段的研究探索了风力注水的技术与经济可行性，而最近完成的第二阶段则涉及了先进的概念验证实验室测试。
DNV GL总裁兼首席执行官Remi Eriksen说:“一个金点子从构想迈进现实，亲历这一过程令人鼓舞。风力发电可为油气行业服务，反之，油气行业也可为风力发电服务。在这个过渡时期，不仅抓住了人们的想象力，而且具有重要的商业意义。现在的问题是，谁能将这个构想变成现实？”
在最新一轮研究中，DNV GL利用埃克森美孚与VårEnergiAS提供的资金，开展了一个联合工业项目（JIP）。埃克森美孚上游研究公司副总裁Jayme Meier表示：“风力注水联合项目第二阶段的顺利完成，使我们离技术上可行、商业上可部署的系统更近了一步。”
DNV GL将浮式风力发电技术的开发，与石油工业追求最大化提高采收率的注水需求相结合，提出了“WIN WIN”的构想，即风力注水。WIN WIN是一个完全独立的系统，包括一台为注水作业供电的浮式风力涡轮机、泵、基本的水处理设施。
为了评估这一构想，过去一年内，可再生能源与油气行业的参与者，在DNV GL主导的风力注水联合项目中，从细节入手，共同开发了浮式风力涡轮机为注水系统供电的构想，并评估了其技术与商业可行性。目前已经评估了技术、商业、成本等相关内容。联合项目的合作伙伴包括：埃克森美孚、埃尼集团、尼克森石油英国有限公司、挪威国家石油公司、VNG挪威公司、PG Flow Solutions公司以及Catapult海上可再生能源公司。
DNV GL is urging offshore oil and gas operators to implement a new solution using floating wind turbines to power water injection for oil recovery.
‘WIN WIN’ (WINd powered Water INjection) was conceived in 2013 by DNV GL and is now ready for prototype development after two joint industry projects have shown the concept to be both cost efficient and technically feasible.
Water injection is an effective tool in exploiting oil reserves, but the process is often inhibited by the high costs associated with large gas or diesel generators and complicated subsea infrastructure. By using a floating wind turbine, the WIN WIN concept allows the injection system to operate independently, eliminating the need of long flowlines from the platform.
DNV GL has worked extensively with oil and gas companies since 2015 to bring the ‘WIN WIN’ concept to prototype readiness. The first phase of research explored the techno-economic feasibility of the wind powered water injection, while, the recently-completed second stage involved advanced proof-of-concept lab tests.
President & CEO of DNV GL Remi Eriksen said, “It is always inspiring to see a great idea whose time has come edge towards reality. Wind power working for oil and gas, and oil and gas working for wind power, not only captures the imagination in these times of transition, but makes a lot of business sense. The question, now, is who is going to take this concept into physical reality?”
Project Director Johan Sandberg said, “From the start, this project has always had a commercial focus. Potentially substantial rewards await a first mover willing to build a prototype to increase technology readiness and optimize system integration. As operators know too well, conventional water injection is expensive, with the power plant occupying valuable deck space and expensive flowlines running to the injection site. With WIN WIN, the power is supplied in situ at potentially much lower cost, with increased flexibility and without emissions.”
In the latest round of research, DNV GL conducted a joint industry project (JIP) with funding provided by ExxonMobil and Vår Energi AS. Jayme Meier, V.P., ExxonMobil Upstream Research Company, says, “The completion of phase 2 of the WIN WIN JIP drives us one step closer to a technically viable and commercially deployable system.”
By matching the development of floating wind turbine technology with the oil industry’s need for water injection for maximizing oil recovery, DNV GL proposed a concept called WIN WIN, which stands for WINd- powered Water INjection. WIN WIN comprises a floating wind turbine which supplies power to a water injection process, and is a fully stand- alone system that includes pumps and basic water treatment.
To evaluate the concept , for the past year, participants from both the renewable and oil and gas industries have worked together in the DNV GL-led WIN WIN JIP to develop the concept of using floating wind turbines to power a water injection system in detail, and assess its technical and commercial feasibility. Technical and operational aspects as well as costs have been assessed. The JIP partners include ExxonMobil, ENI Norge, Nexen Petroleum UK Ltd., Statoil, VNG Norge, PG Flow Solutions and ORE Catapult.
Green light for wind-powered oil recovery
The WIN WIN project shows how recent developments in floating offshore wind turbines offer a clean, reliable, and cost effective alternative for powering water injection in offshore locations. It opens the door to a new and fruitful collaboration between two major energy industries; using wind turbines to power water injection in a fully stand-alone system. The project has demonstrated that for suitable fields, wind-powered water injection is technically feasible, meets the oil industry’s performance targets, and offers a cost-competitive solution.
Accelerated energy transition through joined forces
WIN WIN is technically feasible and a wind-powered water injection system meets the industry’s technical, functional and commercial requirements, offering a realistic alternative with unique benefits. A summary of the findings can be found in the project report.
The WIN WIN project showcases that the oil and gas industry can become a creative force in solving the world’s energy trilemma by driving development of reliable, clean and affordable technologies. This is a win for both the oil and gas and for the wind power industries.”